Although ultrasound was initially discovered in the 1800s, medical ultrasound was not introduced as a practical application until the 1950s. Today, ultrasound scans are most often utilized in the obstetric setting but are practical in a number of other medical areas as well. The safety and ease of use has made these machines a lasting diagnostic tool in the medical community.
History of the Medical Ultrasound
Two men are touted as being the founding fathers for traditional medical ultrasonography. Austrian Dr. Karl Theodore Dussik first used ultrasound to diagnose a brain tumour. Dr. Karl then published his findings, the initial published article about medical ultrasound, in 1942. Some 15 years later, Professor Ian Donald developed the ultrasound machine, that used current technology for the time. This machine was initially tested in 1957 and then utilized on the initial pregnant woman in 1958.
How does it work?
An ultrasound scan produces pictures by using sound waves. These waves bounce from the tissues in the torso and back as much as the transducer in order to produce the black-and-white picture on a pc screen.
Who are able to perform an Ultrasound?
Only those who find themselves licensed as ultrasound technicians can perform one of these scans. Physicians may also be permitted to do an ultrasound while they received all of the necessary training during schooling.
Where on the body can Ultrasound be used?
Ultrasounds are most often utilized in obstetric applications to diagnose gestational age, estimate foetal weight and health, determine placental placement in the uterus and assist with diagnostic testing such as for example amniocentesis ultrasound scan. The medical ultrasound has a number of other applications as well. It may be used to see anomalies in the abdomen, urinary tract, thyroid, breasts, heart and circulatory system.
How safe can be an Ultrasound?
Ultrasound is utilized in many different medical applications because it’s non-invasive and offers basically no risk to the patient. Ultrasound does create a little bit of heat during the actual test. This heat is general no more than one degree centigrade and is dissipated by the body rather easily.
Many studies have now been conducted to examine the effects of ultrasound on a foetus after birth. One such study was conducted by the University of Western Australia. In this study, foetuses were confronted with as many as five different ultrasound tests throughout the gestational period. The outcome of the study is that there was no developmental or physical impact on a child.
Ultrasound scans are a tool useful for diagnostic purposes in the medical community. For this reason, patients should never forget to ask questions. If something has not been explained to the satisfaction of the patient and/or family, request an alternative explanation or more information from another healthcare practitioner.
Since ultrasound was initially utilized in the medical community it’s been one of the very most popular bits of diagnostic equipment still to the day. Ultrasound is very versatile and non-invasive rendering it highly popular amongst healthcare practitioners. There is almost no risk to the patient who receives an ultrasound and no adverse effects on a foetus.